VIPinoy (Virtues In Pinoy)
A Filipino with the exemplary practice of the four cardinal virtues of Prudence, Justice, Temperance, Fortitude, and the three theological virtues of Faith, Hope, and Love over an extended period of time out of just and worthy service by contributing to ecological balance, cultural cohesiveness, and moral-spiritual consensus.
• Metanoia is “an orientation, a fundamental transformation of outlook of an individual’s vision of the world and of her/himself, and a new way of loving others and the Universe.” The “new way of loving” is in terms of approaches, strategies and methodologies needed in addressing concerns of a changing world while maintaining the fundamentals of human dignity.
• Virtue ( Latin virtus) is moral excellence of a person; a trait valued as being good. In Greek it is more properly called ēthikē cretē. It is “habitual excellence”. It is something practiced at all times. While focusing on the superior state being approached rather than that of the inferior state being departed from, Metanoia denotes a change of mind.
The cardinal virtues are the four principal moral virtues. The English word cardinal comes from the Latin word cardo, which means "hinge." All other virtues hinge on these four: prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance.
Plato first discussed the cardinal virtues in the Republic, and they entered into Christian teaching by way of Plato's disciple Aristotle. Unlike the theological virtues, which are the gifts of God through grace, the four cardinal virtues can be practiced by anyone; thus, they represent the foundation of natural morality.
The habit which enables man to direct his/her actions to human life’s goals of knowing the right thing to do and applying it.
The habit of giving each one his/her due with constant and perpetual will; gives stability which one needs to work without fear and anxiety in the search for happiness.
The habit of overcoming the difficulties and pressures of life in the pursuit of good.
The habit of bringing the desires and natural human inclinations under the control of right reason.
All virtues have as their final scope disposing human acts conducive to true happiness. Happiness of which the human being is capable is two-fold: a) Natural - attainable by human’s natural powers; and b) Supernatural - which exceeds the capacity of unaided human nature.
It is necessary that human being is endowed with supernatural powers to enable him/her to attain his/her final destiny. These supernatural principles are the theological virtues. They are called theological because:
a) they have God for their immediate and proper object;
b) they are Divinely infused; and
c) they are known only through Divine Revelation.
An infused virtue, by which the intellect is perfected by a supernatural light, of which under a supernatural movement of the will assents firmly to the supernatural truths of Revelation, not on the motive of intrinsic evidence, but on the sole ground of the infallible authority of God revealing. For as man is guided in the attainment of natural happiness by principles of knowledge known by the natural light of reason, so also in the attainment of natural destiny, the intellect must be illuminated by certain super natural principles, namely, Divinely revealed truths.
Not only human intellect must be perfected with regard to the supernatural end, the will also must tend to that end, as a good possible of attainment. The virtue by which the will is so perfected, commonly defined as a Divinely infused virtue, by which we trust, with an unshaken confidence grounded on Divine assistance, to attain life everlasting.
The will must not only tend to God its ultimate end, it must also be united to Him by a certain conformity. The spiritual union or conformity, by which the soul is united to God, the sovereign good, is affected by charity. The theological virtue by which God, our ultimate end, known by supernatural light, is loved by reason of His own intrinsic goodness or amiability, and our neighbor loved on account of God; of the three theological virtues, charity is the most excellent. Faith and hope, involving as they do a certain imperfection, namely, obscurity of light and absence of possession will cease with this life, but charity involving no essential defect will last forever. Charity excludes all mortal sin, faith, and hope are compatible with grievous sin; but as such they are only imperfect virtues; it is only when informed and verified by charity that their acts are meritorious of eternal life.